if you check your school email with outlook, then open outlook, click on tools, click on view or change existing email accounts; you should then see your accounts, click on your school email, and click change, you should see your server information for that account. You will need to input that info when setting up your email account on your phone. It will test it as it is doing it, and you can set the frequency of checking that email and you should be good to go...
My school uses an Outlook Web Access (OWA) exchange account and it was pretty easy to set up, just enter the correct info for your account on the phone as chuckbower stated. For OWA your account info you need to click options then click about.
I dont have my droid yet (getting it the 24th) but I just forward my school email to my gmail account it its worked great on my macbook pros email app and my blackberry. Most school emails seem to use a similar server so they should forward to gmail just fine. There is a slight delay before its forwarded to gmail (usually like 5 minutes) but otherwise no problems.
The email app on the Droid supports both IMAP and POP accounts. I would think that somehow you would be able to get it to work.
My school uses an IMAP system with Google Apps. It worked for me right away, but when my friend got his Droid, it didn't work right away. He had to change his password, and then change it back for his phone to work with it for some reason. So I'd recommend that you keep trying.
My school uses gmail as a provider so it was easy as pie. :-) .... usually when you open your email online there should be some type of help that lets you set it up for outlook and just use those settings.
As long as you get their incoming/outgoing servers there shouldn't be any problems. If by chance, upon completing setup, you receive an error regarding outgoing settings, try changing your port number for outgoing mail.
I have the same problem. My school email will not sync to my phone. My school email is a live email and i run it on outlook but no matter how i try to sync them onto my phone, it tells me unable to complete.
Honestly I suggest you just mess around with it for a little. I have a web-based email and it seemed impossible to synch it on my android. I did, however, go onto my email settings and learned the actual server name of my school email, which wasn't simply "ucsd.edu" then typed it after "imap." the application request then changed but somehow it worked.
just mess around and hopefully it will work!
if not you can try and forward your school emails to another account (gmail, yahoo, etc) and have that on your phone.